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Desde los albores de la humanidad, el hombre ha buscado reducir el esfuerzo necesario para realizar sus labores diarias. Primero multiplicó su fuerza motora través de máquinas simples. Luego fue creando mecanismos que eran impulsados por bestias domesticadas. A esto se le sumó el aprovechamiento de la energía eólica e hidráulica. Con la aparición del primer motor a vapor semultiplicaron exponencialmente los procesos industrializados a través de mecanismos motorizados.

[/fusion_text][fusion_text columns=»» column_min_width=»» column_spacing=»» rule_style=»default» rule_size=»» rule_color=»» content_alignment_medium=»» content_alignment_small=»» content_alignment=»» hide_on_mobile=»small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility» sticky_display=»normal,sticky» class=»» id=»» font_size=»» fusion_font_family_text_font=»» fusion_font_variant_text_font=»» line_height=»» letter_spacing=»» text_color=»» animation_type=»» animation_direction=»left» animation_speed=»0.3″ animation_offset=»»]

¿Qué es?

Un motor es una máquina que transforma diversos tipos de energía en energía mecánica.

¿De qué y cómo está hecho?

Está hecho de una combinación de diversos tipos de material. Su estructura interna está ligada a la energía a transformar.

¿Cómo funciona?

Capta diversos tipos de energía y, dependiendo de su naturaleza, la transforma en energía mecánica a través de diferentes procesos.

¿Para qué sirve?

Para generar fuerza y movimiento.

Ejemplos prácticos:

Motores de vehículos, generadores eléctricos, artefactos.

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Máquinas industriales

Son herramientas que se utilizan en la industria para la fabricación de diversos productos y máquinas. Son impulsadas por un motor que a través de una serie de procesos modifican la materia y la convierten en un producto útil para el ser humano. Entre los más conocidos tenemos:

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Faja transportadora:

Esta máquina facilita el trasporte de grandes cantidades de objetos en serie, los cuales son enviados uno por uno al siguiente proceso de fabricación. Es muy utilizado en la industria electromotriz, alimentaria y textil.

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El Torno:

Es una máquina que permite modificar la forma de objetos cilíndricos y de revolución. La materia, sujetada por un mandril, gira a una gran velocidad. El uso de cuchillas permite modificar su forma según las necesidades del usuario.

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La taladradora:

Es una máquina utilizada para crear agujeros circulares de diferentes de tamaños. La herramienta de corte gira a alta velocidad, lo cual le permite remover material de un objeto.

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La excavadora:

Es una máquina que cuenta con la suficiente potencia para remover grandes cantidades de tierra de la superficie terrestre. Es utilizada principalmente en la minería y arqueología para la búsqueda de reliquias y minerales.

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